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Margie E. Lachman

Margie E. Lachman

Professor, Department of Psychology
Brandeis University
lachman@brandeis.edu
http://www.brandeis.edu/departments/psych/lachman/people/index.html


Margie E. Lachman, Ph.D. is Minnie and Harold Fierman Professor of Psychology and Director of the Lifespan Developmental Psychology Lab at Brandeis University and the Brandeis University Lifespan Initiative on Healthy Aging. She is co-director of the NIH-funded pre and postdoctoral training program, Cognitive Aging in a Social Context. She was editor of the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences (2000-2003), and has edited two volumes on midlife development. She is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, Division 20 and the Gerontological Society of America. Lachman's research is in the area of lifespan development with a focus on midlife and later life. With funding from NIA, her current work is aimed at identifying psychosocial (e.g., sense of control) and behavioral (e.g., physical exercise) factors that can protect against, minimize, or compensate for declines in cognition (e.g., memory) and health. She is conducting studies to examine long-term predictors of psychological and physical health, laboratory-based experiments to identify psychological and physiological processes involved in aging-related changes, especially in memory, and intervention studies to enhance performance and promote adaptive functioning.

Lachman has published numerous chapters and journal articles on these topics. Lachman was a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Successful Midlife Development and is currently collaborating on a longitudinal follow-up of the original MacArthur midlife sample. She has conducted intervention studies designed to enhance the sense of control over memory and physical exercise, and one of the programs designed to increase control over falling won the Archstone Award for Excellence in Program Innovation from the American Public Health Association. Lachman has served as an advisor to organizations such as the AARP and the Boston Museum of Science for the traveling exhibit on the Secrets of Aging. She has presented her research on the CBS evening news and the NBC Today show. In 2003, she received the Distinguished Research Achievement Award from the American Psychological Association, Division on Adult Development and Aging. She was a fellow at the Stanford Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in 2009-2010.



Representative Publications
Brisbon, N. M., & Lachman, M. E. (2017). Dispositional mindfulness and memory problems: The role of perceived stress and sleep quality. Mindfulness, 8(2), 379-386.
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Zahodne, L. B., Manly, J. J., Smith, J., Seeman, T., & Lachman, M. E. (2017). Socioeconomic, health, and psychosocial mediators of racial disparities in cognition in early, middle, and late adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 32(2), 118-130.
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Song, J., Mailick, M. R., Greenberg, J. S., Ryff, C. D., & Lachman, M. E. (2016). Cognitive aging in parents of children with disabilities Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences, 71(5), 821-830.
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Crowley, O. V., Kimhy, D., McKinley, P. S., Burg, M. M., Schwartz, J. E., Lachman, M. E., Tun, P. A., Ryff, C. D., Seeman, T. E., & Sloan, R. P. (2016). Vagal recovery from cognitive challenge moderates age-related deficits in executive functioning. Research on Aging, 38(4), 504-525.
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Grzywacz, J. G., Segel-Karpas, D., & Lachman, M. E. (2016). Workplace exposures and cognitive function during adulthood: Evidence from national survey of midlife development and the O*NET. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 58(6), 535-541.
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Agrigoroaei, S., Lee-Attardo, A., & Lachman, M. E. (2016). Stress and subjective age: Those with greater financial stress look older. Research on Aging. Advance online publication.
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Segel-Karpas, D., & Lachman, M. E. (2016). Social contact and cognitive functioning: The role of personality. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. Advance online publication.
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Hostinar, C. E., Davidson, R. J., Graham, E. K., Mroczek, D. K., Lachman, M. E., Seeman, T. E., van Reekum, C. M., & Miller, G. E. (2016). Frontal brain asymmetry, childhood maltreatment, and low-grade inflammation at midlife. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 75, 152-163.
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Hughes, M. L., & Lachman, M. E. (2016). Social comparisons of health and cognitive functioning contribute to changes in subjective age. The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences. Advance online publication.
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Hahn, E. A., & Lachman, M. E. (2015). Everyday experiences of memory problems and control: The adaptive role of selective optimization with compensation in the context of memory decline. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 22(1), 25-41.
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Hahn Rickenbach, E., Agrigoroaei, S., & Lachman, M. E. (2015). Awareness of memory ability and change: (in)accuracy of memory self-assessments in relation to performance. Journal of Population Ageing, 8(1-2), 71-99.
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Hostinar, C. E., Lachman, M. E., Mroczek, D. K., Seeman, T. E., & Miller, G. E. (2015). Additive contributions of childhood adversity and recent stressors to inflammation at midlife: Findings from the MIDUS study. Developmental Psychology, 51(11), 1630-1644.
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Lachman, M. E. (2015). Mind the gap in the middle: A call to study midlife. Research in Human Development, 12(3-4), 327-334.
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Karlamangla, A. S., Miller-Martinez, D., Lachman, M. E., Tun, P. A., Koretz, A., & Seeman, T. M. (2014). Biological correlates of adult cognition: Midlife in the United States (MIDUS). Neurobiology of Aging, 35(2), 387-394.
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Turiano, N. A., Chapman, B. P., Agrigoroaei, S., Infurna, F. J., & Lachman, M. (2014). Perceived control reduces mortality risk at low, not high, education levels. Health Psychology, 33(8), 883-890.
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Lachman, M. E., Agrigoroaei, S., Tun, P. A., & Weaver, S. L. (2014). Monitoring cognitive functioning: Psychometric properties of the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone. Assessment, 1(4), 404-417.
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Hahn Rickenbach, E., Almeida, D. M., Seeman, T. E., & Lachman, M. E. (2014). Daily stress magnifies the association between cognitive decline and everyday memory problems: An integration of longitudinal and diary methods. Psychology and Aging, 29(4), 852-862.
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Lachman, M. E., Teshale, S., & Agrigoroaei, S. (2014). Midlife as a pivotal period in the life course: Balancing growth and decline at the crossroads of youth and old age. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 39(1), 20-31.
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Tun, P. A., Miller-Martinez, D., Lachman, M. E., & Seeman, T. (2013). Social strain and executive function across the lifespan: The dark (and light) sides of social engagement. Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 20(3), 320-338.
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Human, L. J., Biesanz, J. C., Miller, G. E., Chen, E., Lachman, M. E., & Seeman, T. E. (2013). Is change bad? Personality change is associated with poorer psychological health and greater metabolic syndrome in midlife. Journal of Personality, 81(3), 249-260.
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Kimhy, D., Crowley, O. V., McKinley, P. S., Burg, M. M., Lachman, M. E., Tun, P. A., Ryff, C. D., Seeman, T. E., & Sloan, R. P. (2013). The association of cardiac vagal control and executive functioning- findings from the MIDUS study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(5), 628-635.
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Zimprich, D., Allemand, M., & Lachman, M. E. (2012). Factorial structure and age-related psychometrics of the MIDUS personality adjective items across the life span. Psychological Assessment, 24(1), 173-186.
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Chen, E., Miller, G. E., Lachman, M. E., Gruenewald, T. L., & Seeman, T. E. (2012). Protective factors for adults from low-childhood socioeconomic circumstances: The benefits of shift-and-persist for allostatic load. Psychosomatic Medicine, 74(2), 178-186.
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Graham, E. K., & Lachman, M. E. (2012). Personality stability is associated with better cognitive performance in adulthood: Are the stable more able? The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(5), 545-554.
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Gerstorf, D., Rocke, C., & Lachman, M. E. (2011). Antecedent-consequent relations of perceived control to health and social support: Longitudinal evidence for between-domain associations across adulthood. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66B(1), 61-71.
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Seeman, T. E., Miller-Martinez, D. M., Stein Merkin, S., Lachman, M. E., Tun, P. A., & Karlamangla, A. S. (2011). Histories of social engagement and adult cognition: Midlife in the US study. Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66B(Suppl 1), i141-i152.
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Lachman, M. E., Neupert, S. D., Agrigoroaei, S. (2011). The relevance of control beliefs for health and aging. In K. W. Schaie & S. L. Willis (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (7th edition, pp. 175-190). New York: Elsevier.
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Agrigoroaei, S., & Lachman, M. E. (2011). Cognitive functioning in Midlife and old age: Combined Effects of psychosocial and behavioral factors. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66B(suppl 1), i130-i140.
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Miller, G. E., Lachman, M. E., Chen, E., Gruenewald, T. L., Karlamangla, A. S., & Seeman, T. E. (2011). Pathways to resilience: Maternal nurturance as a buffer against the Effects of childhood poverty on metabolic syndrome at Midlife. Psychological Science, 22(12), 1591-1599.
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Stawski, R. S., Almeida, D. M., Lachman, M. E., Tun, P. A., Rosnick, C. B., & Seeman, T. (2011). Associations between cognitive function and naturally occurring daily cortisol during middle adulthood: Timing is everything. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66B(suppl 1), i71-i81.
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Cotter, K.A., & Lachman, M.E. (2010). No strain, no gain: Psychosocial predictors of physical activity across the adult lifespan. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 7(5), 584-594.
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Stawski, R.S., Almeida, D.M., Lachman, M.E., Tun, P.A., & Rosnick, D.B. (2010). Fluid cognitive ability is associated with greater exposure and smaller reactions to daily stressors. Psychology & Aging, 25(2), 330-342.
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Lachman, M. E., & Agrigoroaei, S. (2010). Optimizing health: A lifespan approach. In P. Rothstein & D. Schull (Eds.), Beyond Boomers: Reconsidering the Role of Libraries. American Library Association.

Lachman, M. E., Agrigoroaei, S., Murphy, C., & Tun, P. A. (2010). Frequent cognitive activity compensates for education differences in episodic memory. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(1), 4-10.
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Cotter, K. A., & Lachman, M. E. (2010). Psychosocial and behavioral contributors to health: Age-related increases in physical disability are reduced by physical fitness. Psychology & Health, 25(7), 805-820.
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Tun, P. A., & Lachman, M. E. (2010). The association between computer use and cognition across adulthood: Use it so you won't lose it? Psychology and Aging, 25(3), 560-568.
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Lachman, M. E., & Agrigoroaei, S. (2010). Promoting functional health in midlife and old age: Long-term protective effects of control beliefs, social support, and physical exercise. PLoS One, 5(10), e13297.
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Lachman, M.E., Rocke, C., & Rosnick, C. (2009). The rise and fall of control beliefs in adulthood: Trajectories of stability and change over ten years. In H.B. Bosworth & C. Hertzog (Eds.), Aging and cognition: Research methodologies and empirical advances. Decade of behavior (200-2010) (pp. 143-160). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Agrigoroaei, S., & Lachman, M. E. (2009). Personal control and aging: How beliefs and expectations matter. In J. C. Cavanaugh & C. D. Cavanaugh (Eds.), Aging in America: Psychological, Physical, and Social Issues. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Lachman, M.E., & Tun, P.A. (2008). Cognitive testing in large-scale surveys: Assessment by telephone. In S. Hofer & D. Alwin (Eds.). Handbook on Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (pp. 506-522). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.

Tun, P.A., & Lachman, M.E. (2008). Age differences in reaction time and attention in a national telephone sample of adults: Education, sex, and task complexity matter. Developmental Psychology, 44(5), 1421-1429.
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Lachman, M.E., Rocke, C., Rosnick, C., & Ryff, C.D. (2008). Realism and illusion in Americans' temporal views of their life satisfaction: Age differences in reconstructing the past and anticipating the future. Psychological Science, 19(9), 889-897.
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Rocke, C., & Lachman, M.E. (2008). Perceived trajectories of life satisfaction across past, present, and future: Profiles and correlates of subjective change in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Psychology & Aging, 23(4), 833-847.
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Lachman, M. E. (2006). Perceived control over aging-related declines: Adaptive beliefs and behaviors. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(6), 282-286. Reprinted in Current Directions in Adulthood and Aging (2009), Susan T. Charles (Ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
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Neupert, S.D., Miller, L.S., & Lachman, M.E. (2006). Physiological reactivity to cognitive stressors: Variations by age and socioeconomic status. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 62, 221-235.
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Wrosch, C., Heckhausen, J., & Lachman, M. E. (2006). Goal management across adulthood and old age: The adaptive value of primary and secondary control. In D. Mroczek & T. D. Little (Eds.), Handbook of personality development (pp. 399-422). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Ehrlbaum Associates.

Lachman, M. E., & Andreoletti, C. (2006). Strategy use mediates the relationship between control beliefs and memory performance for middle-aged and older adults. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61B, P88-P94.

Tun, P. A., & Lachman, M. E. (2006). Telephone assessment of cognitive function in adulthood: The Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT). Age & Ageing, 35, 629-932.

Lachman, M. E. (2005). Aging under control? Psychological Science Agenda, 19(1). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/about/psa/2005/01/lachman.aspx.
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Lachman, M. E., & Firth, K. M. P. (2004). The adaptive value of feeling in control in midlife. In O. G. Brim, C. D. Ryff & R. C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we?: A national study of well-being in midlife (pp. 320-349). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
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Markus, H. R., Plaut, V. C., & Lachman, M. E. (2004). Well-being in America: Core features and regional patterns. In O. G. Brim, C. D. Ryff & R. C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we?: A national study of well-being at midlife (pp. 614-650). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
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Lachman, M. E. (2004). Development in midlife. Annual Review of Psychology. 55, 305-331.
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Plaut, V. C., Markus, H. R., & Lachman, M. E. (2002). Place matters: Consensual features and regional variation in American well-being and self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(1), 160-184.
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Andreoletti, C., Zebrowitz, L. A., & Lachman, M. E. (2001). Physical appearance and control beliefs in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Personality & Social Psychology Review, 27(8), 969-981.
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Prenda, K. M., & Lachman, M. E. (2001). Planning for the future: A life management strategy for increasing control and life satisfaction in adulthood. Psychology & Aging, 16(2), 206-216.
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Lachman, M.E. (Ed.). (2001). Handbook of midlife development. NY: John Wiley.

Soederberg Miller, L. M., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Cognitive performance and the role of control beliefs in midlife. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 7(2), 69-85.
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Maier, E. H., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Consequences of early parental loss and separation for health and well-being in midlife. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 24(2), 183-189.
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Walen, H. R., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Social support and strain from partner, family, and friends: Costs and benefits for men and women in adulthood. Journal of Social & Personal Relationships, 17(1), 5-30.
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Wrosch, C., Heckhausen, J., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Primary and secondary control strategies for managing health and financial stress across adulthood. Psychology & Aging, 15(3), 387-399.
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Soederberg Miller, L. M., & Lachman, M. E. (1999). The sense of control and cognitive aging: Toward a model of mediational processes. In T. M. Hess & F. Blanchard-Fields (Eds.), Social cognition and Aging. New York: Academic Press.
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Jette, A.M., Lachman, M.E., Giorgetti, M.M., Assmann, S.F., Harris, B.A., Levenson, C., Wernick. M., & Krebs, D. (1999). Exercise- it's never too late: The strong for life program. American Journal of Public Health, 89, 66-72.

Lachman, M. E., & Weaver, S. L. (1998). The sense of control as a moderator of social class differences in health and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(3), 763-773.
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Tennstedt, S., Howland, J., Lachman, M., Peterson, E.W., Kasten, L., & Jette, A. (1998). A randomized, controlled trial of a group intervention to reduce fear of falling and associated activity restriction in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 538, 384-392. (Winner of The American Physical Therapy Association Geriatrics Research Publications Award, February, 2000).

Lachman, M. E., & Weaver, S. L. (1998). Sociodemographic variations in the sense of control by domain: Findings from the MacArthur studies of midlife. Psychology and Aging.
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©2011 University of Wisconsin - Madison, Institute on Aging